PoS - Proceedings of Science
Volume 396 - The 38th International Symposium on Lattice Field Theory (LATTICE2021) - Oral presentation
The QCD Deconfinement Critical Point for $N_\text{f}=2$ Flavors of Staggered Fermions
R. Kaiser*, O. Philipsen and A. Sciarra
Full text: pdf
Pre-published on: May 16, 2022
Published on: July 08, 2022
Quenched QCD at zero baryonic chemical potential undergoes a first-order
deconfinement phase transition at a critical temperature $T_c$, which is
related to the spontaneous breaking of the global center symmetry.
Including heavy, dynamical quarks breaks the center symmetry
explicitly and weakens the first-order phase transition. For
decreasing quark masses the first-order phase transition turns
into a smooth crossover at a $Z_2$-critical point. The critical quark
mass corresponding to this point has been examined with $N_\text{f} = 2$ Wilson
fermions for several $N_\tau$ in a recent study within our group. For
comparison, we also locate the critical point with $N_\text{f} = 2$
staggered fermions on $N_\tau = 8$ lattices. For this purpose we perform
Monte Carlo simulations for several quark mass values and various aspect
ratios in order to extrapolate to the thermodynamic limit. The critical
mass is obtained by fitting to a finite size scaling formula of the
kurtosis of the Polyakov loop. Our results indicate large discretization
effects, requiring simulations on lattices with $N_\tau > 8$.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22323/1.396.0484
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